Instructional Design Models

Before we take a look at the Models, let’s revisit what we covered earlier – learning theories, content types, and listed a few strategies of learning and teaching.

  • The Learning Theories describes how individuals learn and the factors that influence their learnings.
  • The Content Types describes the type of content and how they need to be learned or taught.
  • The Learning Strategies are techniques or approaches that learners use to learn and understand new information. These strategies are often self-directed and are used by students to help them process and retain new information. Examples include summarizing, highlighting, reviewing, or asking questions.
  • The teaching strategies or technically called the Instructional Strategies are the specific techniques or approaches to present and facilitate learning. These strategies are used by the IDs and the teachers to help learners learn and understand new material in a classroom or in an learning environment. Examples include lecturing, demonstrating, providing hands-on experiences, using multimedia resources, or facilitating discussions.

The goal of ID is to create effective and efficient learning experiences that states the most optimum way the particular content type can be learned by the specific learner in the given context. The ID must facilitate the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and attitudes by engaging learners, facilitating understanding, supporting retention of information, enabling synthesize of new knowledge and more. And here comes the Instructional Design Models handy.

An Instructional Design Model or an ID Model is a framework or plan for how teaching and learning will occur. These Models provide a systematic approach to creating learning experiences. They involve a series of steps that guide the design process, such as needs assessment, learning objectives development, content analysis and organization, instructional strategies selection, and evaluation.

Remember that all these models are used to guide the development of learning

artifacts and experiences. You don’t need to stick to one model, you can use a

hybrid approach too. Say start with ADDIE Model or 5Di to do a thorough learner

and business needs, and then switch to SAM to rapidly develop.


In here, I am not planning to spend time in explaining each model in detail, instead, I am going to talk about where and when should you use these models.

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