Dictionary meaning of process is a series of actions which are carried out to achieve a particular result; or a method of doing something that involves a number of steps or operations; or a series of actions that produce a change or development; or a series of things which happen naturally and result in a biological or chemical change.
It is a broad concept that can encompass a wide range of activities, including both physical and mental tasks. A process may involve a series of steps that are carried out in a specific order, or it may be more open-ended and flexible, allowing for variations or improvisation depending on the situation.
Processes can be understood as description of how things work and NOT how to do things. (This is Procedure)
Instead of simply memorizing a principle, a learner needs to learn to distinguish, assess, criticize, evaluate, or judge based on the guidelines or the guiding principles. This means that learners need to understand and apply abstract ideas.
Recall the learning theories we looked into that emphasized on the role of constructing own understanding in learning – Constructivism. This theory suggests that learners construct their own understanding through their interactions with the environment and their prior knowledge.
As an ID, to enable learning of principles use strategies such as Problem-based learning. Learners are presented with a real-world problem or challenge and appropriate tasks are created to encourage them to apply their knowledge and skills to find a solution. The learners will understand the relevance and application of the principle.