Dictionary meaning of process is a series of actions which are carried out to achieve a particular result; or a method of doing something that involves a number of steps or operations; or a series of actions that produce a change or development; or a series of things which happen naturally and result in a biological or chemical change.
It is a broad concept that can encompass a wide range of activities, including both physical and mental tasks. A process may involve a series of steps that are carried out in a specific order, or it may be more open-ended and flexible, allowing for variations or improvisation depending on the situation.
Processes can be understood as description of how things work and NOT how to do things. (This is Procedure)
Instead of simply memorizing steps in the process, the learner needs to understand the underlying principles and concepts. Learners should acquire, process, and organize information, leading to changes in their mental structures and knowledge.
Recall the learning theories we looked into – Constructivism. This theory suggests that learners actively construct their own understanding and knowledge by engaging with the content and reflecting on their experiences.
Constructivism states that instead of passively receiving information, learners should interact with the content, make connections to their prior knowledge, and engage in hands-on activities or simulations that mimic real-world processes. This approach encourages learners to explore, experiment, and problem-solve, leading to a deeper and more meaningful understanding of the process being taught.
Constructivism also emphasizes the role of social interaction and collaboration in the learning process. Learners can benefit from discussing their understanding of processes with peers, sharing their perspectives, and engaging in group activities that involve applying and analyzing processes in different contexts.
As an ID, based on this you can opt for:
- Problem-Based Learning (PBL): PBL involves presenting learners with real-world problems or scenarios that require them to apply the process being taught to solve the problems.
- Simulation and Gamification: Simulations provide learners with interactive environments that mimic real-world processes. Gamified elements like challenges, rewards, and levels can enhance engagement and motivation while allowing learners to practice and experiment with the process in a safe space.
- Hands-On Activities: For more tactile processes, hands-on activities or experiments can be effective. Learners actively engage with materials and equipment to perform the steps of the process, reinforcing their understanding through direct experience.
- Collaborative Learning: Since processes often involve teamwork and collaboration, incorporating group activities can be beneficial.
- Visual Aids and Diagrams: Visual representations such as flowcharts, diagrams, and process maps can help learners visualize the steps and relationships within the process.
- Scaffolded Learning: Gradually increasing the complexity of tasks and providing guidance as learners progress can help them build their skills and understanding step by step.
- Self-Directed Learning: Offering resources and materials that allow learners to explore the process independently can empower them to take ownership of their learning journey.
Remember to choose based on the specific context, audience, and goals of the instruction.